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Russian phonetics

Русский

   Having read the Russian alphabet you go: "Let's start reading in Russian!"

   Of course you can start reading a word syllable by syllable, but there are few important things, like vowels reduction, consonant changes, and sticky preposition rules, which you have to know in order to increase your reading and pronunciation skills dramatically.
Let's take a closer look with examples.


VOWELS REDUCTION


   Whenever a Russian vowel is stressed, it is pronounced very energeticly, sharply. But unstressed vowels change, so we pronounce them completely differently. Unstressed vowels aren't emphasized at all they are very weak, and blurry.
Unstressed vowels are reduced, depending on their position in a word. 

1. Reduction of unstressed «а» and «о».

First reduction takes place if a word starts with this vowel or if it's a part of the syllable right before the stress. In transcriptions you will find it as [Λ].
Vowels here are pronounced weaker and shorter, but they still persist.

Арéст = [Λрéст] (arrest)
Огóнь = [
Λгóн'] (fire)

Багáж = [б
Λгáш] (luggage)
Лопáта = [л
Λпáтъ] (showel)

Second reduction takes place if the vowel is a part of any syllable after the stress, or before the stress (excluding the position right before the stress, described above). In transcriptions you will find it as [ъ].
Vowels here are almost not pronounced. It's an extremely short sound, you don't have to specifically make it, your throat will automatically make it when you finish pronouncing consonants.

Карандáш = [кър
Λндáш] (pencil), almost like [крΛндáш]
Молокó = [мъл
Λкó] (milk), almost like [млΛкó]
Кáрточка = [кáртъчкъ] (card), almost like [кáртчк]

2. Reduction of unstressed «е», «э» after Ж, Ш, Ц

First reduction takes place this vowel is a part of the syllable right before the stress. In this case it is completely changes and is pronounced as [ы].

Желéзо = [жылéз
ъ] (iron)
Центральный = [цынтрáл'ный] (central)
Шестóй = [шыстóй] (sixth)

Second reduction takes place in any other position. It reduces to sound [ъ].
Ценовóй = [цънΛвóй] (adj. price)

3. 
Reduction of soft «а», «я» and «е».

First reduction takes place this vowel is a part of the syllable right before the stress. In this case it is completely changes and is pronounced as [и].

Щекá = [щикá] (cheek)
Мячи́ = [мичи́] (balls)
Часы́ = [чисы́] (clock)

Second reduction takes place in any other position. It reduces to sound [ъ], but don't forget to maintain soft consonant.

Дéвять = [дéв'ът'] (nine), almost like [дéв'т']
Перевóд = [п'ъривóт] (translation), almost like [п'ривóт]


CONSONANT CHANGES


Will be added.



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10 октября 2013 (13:36:08)


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